What to Look For in a Sailboat Winter Cover

December 4, 2012

As the last couple weeks of autumn slip away, I thought it would be a good idea to repost a recent PS Advisor response to a letter from Michigan sailor and Practical Sailor subscriber Alan Hyde. Hyde was curious about boat covers, and except for the fortunate few who are bound below the frost zone this winter, or already there (like us!), I imagine a few other Waypoints readers are considering winter options.
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Talking Olympic Dreams with Nichole Rider

November 27, 2012

If you have not yet heard the name Nichole Rider, you will. A star athlete in high school and college, Rider was paralyzed in a car accident in 1995. Technically quadriplegic, the 39-year-old sailor has limited motion in her arms and hands and almost no ability to use her legs, but like her friend and sailing mentor, Kerry Gruson, she refuses to let her disability define her. Gruson, a former New York Times reporter, and another disabled sailor, Juan Carlos Gil, first introduced Rider to sailing in 2010. Two years later, Rider has a laser-beam focus on the 2016 Para-Olympics in Brazil.
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A Short List of Centerboard Cruising Boats

November 20, 2012

Being stuck on the west coast of Florida, with two shoaling channels offering the easiest access out to the Gulf of Mexico, I’ve suddenly become more interested in centerboard cruisers. Generally, I’m not a huge proponent of adding moving parts to a cruising sailboat, but the attraction of being able to make reasonable progress to windward, feel secure in a blow, and explore skinny-water paradises that are off limits to conventional offshore designs is hard to resist. So this week, I started a short list of 35- to 45-foot boats that look promising. It's just a start, really, and I’d be interested in hearing thoughts from other sailors regarding their favorite centerboard cruisers. (No, Finisterre does not count.)
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Report Sheds Light on Deaths Aboard Aegean

November 13, 2012

In an extensive and carefully worded report, a US Sailing investigative panel cited inadequate lookout as a key factor that likely contributed to the fatal April 28, 2012 accident involving the Aegean, a Hunter 376 participating in the 125-mile race from Newport Beach, Calif., to Ensenada, Mexico. The panel also found it likely that the Aegean inadvertently motored beyond a waypoint set near North Coronado Island. As the report states: “Based on all factors, the panel concludes that the skipper set a waypoint that took Aegean on a path that intersected North Coronado Island, that Aegean was motoring under autopilot as she approached the island, and there is no evidence of any intervention to prevent Aegean’s running into the island.” The report also indicates a need for better safety practices, improved race management, and points out weaknesses in the SPOT tracking system, calling the portable GPS tracking device "unreliable in transmission of position fixes on a timely basis.”
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Stay Safe While Saving a Storm-damaged Boat

November 6, 2012

Our hearts go out to all those suffering in the wake of super-storm Sandy. When people are hurt and homes and precious possessions are destroyed or lost forever, a wrecked recreational sailboat seems wholly unimportant. But for many people, the boat is their home or is connected to their livelihood. In the coming days and weeks, more people will be returning to their vessels and doing what they can to keep them safe. Boat owners should be aware of steps they can take to prevent further loss to their boats. And more importantly, they should be aware of the precautions they can take to keep themselves safe during the period when most storm-related injuries and deaths occur.
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Rescuing The Bounty and the U.S. Coast Guard

October 30, 2012

By now, most every Practical Sailor reader is probably aware of the fate of The Bounty, the tall ship of Hollywood movie fame. It sunk in stormy seas off Cape Hatteras on Oct. 29, as Hurricane Sandy bore down on the Northeast. At the time of this writing, the ship’s captain, 63-year-old Robin Walbridge of St. Petersburg, Fla., was still missing at sea. Crewmember Claudene Christian, 42, was pulled from the water, taken ashore, but pronounced dead in the hospital. In all, Coast Guard helicopters airlifted 14 crewmembers from two life rafts. The rescuers arrived on the scene quickly, not long after the famous ship sank below the waves. Some dramatic video footage of the U.S. Coast Guard rescue swimmers and helicopter crew at work is posted here.
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Steer Clear of Stainless-steel Mooring Chain

October 24, 2012

We made an unpleasant, although not surprising, discovery this week as we revisited the topic of ground tackle. Many readers will recall that we began a series of mooring chain tests back in 2006, with corrosion reports in 2007 and in 2008. As one Practical Sailor tester put it, the test could be described as an attempt to determine how long it took our hard-earned money to turn into a pile of rust. (As it turned out, this happened a lot faster than we expected.) At the end of 2.5 years in the water, when we decided that no one in their right mind would trust their boat to any of the seven badly corroded 5/16-inch chains, we pulled them out for the final inspection.
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Storage Tips for Gasoline and Diesel

October 16, 2012

If you're putting your boat into storage this winter, one of the simplest jobs you can do to save you headaches next spring is to make sure you’ve treated your fuel system for storage. For owners of diesel engines, you want to protect your tank year-round against biological growth—primarily fungus and bacteria. For owners of gasoline powered boats—the bad side effects of ethanol fuel are your chief enemy. Our test of biocide treatments safe for diesel fuel singled out products from Biobor, Racor, Starbrite, and Valvtect as good choices. For those with gasoline engines, the problems with ethanol require a specialized product. This month’s issue has an update on our test of ethanol fuel additives for marine engines. BioborEB again proved its superior ability to fight corrosion. Sta-Bil Marine Formula, Star Tron, and Mercury QuikStor (the most expensive treatment, by far) picked up recommendations. Sea Foam came in as the low-budget contender.
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Safety at Sea Seminar for Sailors Set for Oct. 20

October 9, 2012

Ralph Naranjo, Technical Editor of Practical Sailor, will be the moderating a US SAILING Sanctioned Safety-at-Sea Seminar at Strictly Sail Long Beach, Southern California’s only all-sail boat show on October 20, during the show. Topics for the full-day seminar include rendering first aid, damage control and predicting weather at sea—essential skills for any offshore sailor or racer. The course also qualifies graduates to sail in long-distance sailing races – US SAILING certification is becoming a mandatory practice for many races across the country.
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PS Flashback: The Diaper Cream Cure for Barnacles

October 2, 2012

Some of my favorite PS tests are those that pit ordinary dime-store products against gold-plated “marine-grade” stuff. This month’s bottom paint test called to mind an investigation into the antifouling properties of diaper cream that took place in 1995 (before my time at PS, when my wife and I were still cruising in the South Pacific). Diaper cream contains zinc oxide, a known biocide, but it does not regulate the release of biocides the way bottom paint does. Nevertheless, you’ll find many bulletin-board posts that recommend diaper cream for depth-sounder transducers, props, and dinghies. My take-away from our 1995 report is that the product worked (sort of) for a limited period, but it is an impractical solution for hulls . . . better to let you read and decide for yourself.
Posted by Darrell Nicholson at 11:20AM Comments (4)

Can Copper Antifouling Paint Be Kind?

September 25, 2012

As we point out in the October 2012 issue of Practical Sailor, cuprous oxide still rules the roost when it comes to long-term antifouling protection, with hard paints and ablative paints fairly evenly matched for durability. For those who care about reducing their impact on the ocean, this raises a question. If we want to stick with copper (as opposed to an eco-friendly, copper-free antifouling), which type of paint—hard or ablative—is easier on the environment?
Posted by Darrell Nicholson at 01:37PM Comments (0)

Mike's Daring Experiments with Antifouling Paint

September 18, 2012

Practical Sailor owes a debt of gratitude to Sarasota, Fla., sailor Mike Collins, who offered his Cape Dory 25 Skimmer as a test platform for a new environmentally friendly bottom paint earlier this year. The paint had done well early in our panel testing, and Collins, who oversees the health of the aquariums at Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, was as curious as we were to see how it might perform on a hull. So how did it do? This photo of Skimmer’s bottom, taken just six months after the bottom was painted, says it all.
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Are Retailers Misrepresenting Next-gen PLBs?

September 12, 2012

Practical Sailor recently examined how the introduction of devices like the SPOT was blurring the line between multifunction satellite communication devices and those designed exclusively for distress signaling. In the October issue of Practical Sailor we will take a look at the design implications when a 406-MHz Personal Locator Beacon (PLB) enables expanded services for paid subscribers, including a very SPOT-like ability to send canned text messages and location maps to multiple cell phone or email addresses.
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Preserving Leftover Paints and Varnishes

September 5, 2012

So you carried out an exhaustive spring maintenance this year and are now left with several cans of very expensive marine varnishes, bottom paints, and other marine maintenance products—some opened, some untouched—that you don’t want to go bad. What to do?
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Fighting Off Marine Electrical System Corrosion

August 28, 2012

Last weekend, I heard from a reader who was lamenting that he’d probably have to replace his DC electrical panel because of the electrical problems he was having. As he ran through the list of symptoms—flickering running lights, frequently blown fuses, a weak bilge pump, great green blooms at butt connectors—I told him it sounded like something he could easily fix, and then dove into our digital library to find the guidance he needed.…
Posted by Darrell Nicholson at 02:53PM Comments (4)

Reader Questionnaire

Which of the following best describes your approach to bottom paint?