Boat Reviews

Catalina 22

For those to whom price is all-important,--the Catalina 22 is appealing but it's lacking in performance.

In its 10th anniversary issue in 1980, Sail magazine named the Catalina 22 the boat that had represented the “breakthrough” in “trailer/cruisers” in those 10 years. We might quibble with its selection over more out-and-out trailerable boats such as the Ventures, but there is no denying the popularity of the Catalina: more than 10,000 have been built and sales continue to be strong.

For many buyers the Catalina 22 is their first “big” boat and an introduction to the Catalina line. Many remain with Catalina and buy up within that line.

Catalina is the largest boatbuilder in the world in dollar volume and the firm is one of the lasting success stories in the industry. It foregoes national advertising in favor of local dealer-sponsored ads, and has remained a privately owned (in fact, one man—Frank Butler) company while the trend has been toward conglomerate-owned boatbuilding.

Simply stated, Catalina builds boats to a price—a low price—making the most of volume buying of materials and hardware, long-lived models, a highdegree of standardization, and all the cost savings of high volume production. The Catalina 22 was the first boat built by Catalina.

The 22 is a dated boat. A lot has happened in boat design and construction since she was introduced. Not all that has happened has been good, but many of the boats on the market with which the Catalina 22 competes for sales perform better and have accommodations more comfortable than the venerable Catalina. Yet it is to Catalina’s credit that the 22 continues to sell and continues to be many sailors’ first boat.

Construction

It’s hard to argue with the construction of a boat after 10,000 have been built, but we do. The PS evaluation of the Catalina 30 notes that the hull-to-deck joint— a plywood reinforced hull flange joined to the deck with a rigid polyester “slurry” and self-tapping fasteners— is not our idea of acceptable construction. The same type of joint is used on the 22 although we are less concerned because obviously the structure is for a much smaller boat which, unlike the 30, is not marketed for offshore sailing. Catalina Yachts is proud of the contention that the

Catalina 22 has remained essentially unchanged from the day it was introduced in 1969. Only the pivot for the swing keel version was changed about boat #250 and then, according to a Catalina statement, it was done for production purposes. Later a pop-top option was added and now 90% of the boats sold have this feature.

Catalina takes credit for pioneering the one-piece hull liner that has become standard in most high volume small boats. However, it should be noted that the liner is basically a cosmetic component, not a structural member, and the hull must get its strength from the hull laminate and bulkhead reinforcement.

The swing keel, also chosen by 90% of the buyers, is cast iron and, when retracted, remains substantially exposed (accounting for more than half of the 2' draft of the shoal draft model). It is a rough 550 lb iron casting of indifferent hydrodynamic efficiency. Oddly its configuration hoisted encourages ropes and weeds hanging up on its forward edge.

The swing keel is hoisted with a simple reel winch located under a vestigal bridgedeck with its handle protruding through a plywood facing. We’d guess that Catalina owners soon become conditioned to its presence, though it can trip those stepping up or down through the companionway.

The drop keel of the Catalina evoked a number of observations from owners in the PS boat owners’ questionnaire. Several note that the keel mounting bolts loosen and leak in time. Another reports he had to replace his wire pennant twice. Replacing the pennant requires hoisting the boat high enough to have access to the top of the keel.

As with all Catalina-built boats, decor is a major selling point. The line, including the 22, is attractively appointed. They create a highly favorable impression which has to encourage sales, especially for first time boat buyers.

In fact, the Catalina 22 outside and inside is one of the most visually appealing small boats we have seen. It has enough trim and finish to look pretty. Similarly, her hull and rig, although dated, are well proportioned. It is about her performance and livability that we have the most serious qualms.

Performance

By any objective standard the Catalina 22 is hardly a sprightly performing small boat. There have been too many compromises to performance: trailerability, shoal draft, cockpit space, low cost, and interior accommodations, as well as giving her a placid disposition for novice sailors. The boat needs a genoa jib, a smoother, and more efficient swing or fin keel shape and some hardware of even the most modest go-fast variety. Even then the prognosis is that she will remain a rather tubby boat in an age when much of the fun of boats is in their responsiveness, if not speed.

With almost all the Catalinas having been built with the swing keel, the appeal has been her shallow draft for trailering. Yet even with 2' of draft with the keel hoisted, the boat has too much draft for beaching. Given the tradeoff in performance, the difficulty of maintenance, and loss of stability, one hopes that indeed buyers of the swing keel 22 have made good use of it for trailering.

The deck of the Catalina 22 is a decidedly unhandy working platform. The sidedecks are narrow

and obstructed by jib sheets and blocks. The three shrouds per side effectively block access to the foredeck, and complicate headsail trim and passage of the jib across in tacking. In fact, so difficult is it to go forward on the 22 we recommend getting rid of the lifelines. They are already too low to offer anything but token protection and they anchor near the base of the bow pulpit where they give no protection. Instead, handrails should be installed on the cabin top.

Livability

Ironically for a boat as popular as the Catalina, the boat incorporates the most incredible amount of wasted space we have ever seen in a sailboat large or small. In a size where stowage is at such a premium, there is a cavernous unusable space. The entire area under the cockpit and most of the area under the port cockpit seat (except where the gas tank sits) is all but inaccessible. The loss of this space limits stowage to scuttles under the berth bases.

The convertible dinette which seats only two with elbow room is a vestige of the 22’s design era and the vee berths forward form that singularly noisome combination of bathroom and bedroom away from which human beings evolved about the time they moved out of caves.

The result is that the Catalina 22 has but one berth suitable for sleeping, the settee on the starboard side, and even that berth is shared with the optional galley facility that in use takes up about half the berth area. The Catalina 22s now have a pop-top as standard; most of the cabin top lifts 10" on four pipe supports. Most owners we have heard from seem to like the system, particularly those in warmer areas. Headroom at anchor is pleasant but we’d rather see room for stowage, sleeping, etc. as well.

One definitely unappealing and even unsafe item is the stowage for the remote gas tank for a transommounted outboard auxiliary. The tank sits on a molded shelf (part of the hull liner) in a seat locker at the after end of the cockpit. This puts the gasoline inside the boat including the cabin. The locker is vented but it should also be isolated. Spilled fuel can make its way unimpeded to the inaccessible low point under the cockpit. Moreover, there is no way to strap the tank securely nor a way to route the hose without pinching.

There’s a strange and stubborn attitude at Catalina Yachts in reaction to any criticism of its boats, a righteousness that is exemplified by the notion that if one has sold several thousand of them, then nothing is wrong with them. Well, there are things wrong, and the gasoline stowage in the cockpit locker of the 22 footer is one egregious example.

One of the Catalina’s better features is her cockpit. It is long (7') and comfortable, a place where the crew can sit with support for their backs, a place to brace their feet, and with room to avoid the tiller. It is unobstructed by the mainsheet that trims to a rod traveler on the stern.

Conclusions

Many boat buyers shop for a boat of this type with price foremost in mind. They probably will get no farther than their local Catalina dealer, where they can get a boat that is the same size and similarly equipped as boats costing far more. It’s apt to be a boat identical to many of those sailing on the same waters. Better still, they are more than likely to have sailing friends who not only have (or had) a Catalina but belong to one of the most widespread and active owners’ class associations in the sport. The whole package has a powerful appeal superbly orchestrated by the Catalina organization.

For performance, accommodations and even construction they might do better at a higher price, but the prospective buyer of the Catalina is likely to be unsure of what to look for. Understandably they turn to the 22.

At a weight of about 2,500 lbs. loaded for the road plus a trailer, the Catalina 22 has marginal trailerability behind the modern small car. For this reason PS urges buyers to consider carefully before purchasing a trailer with the boat. Unless and until they are convinced they will trailer the boat enough to make a trailer’s purchase worthwhile, it could be a waste of money. One Catalina salesman we overheard talking with a client gave this advice and spelled out the reasons. High marks to that chap. Later he ruefully admitted to us that many buyers ignore his suggestion.

For the “sailaway package” price, the buyer gets some features he might not opt for if he had a choice (e.g. the pop-top, Mercury outboard, and lifelines and stanchions). However, Catalina Yachts, like Hunter Marine, has learned the advantages of packaged boats with bottom line pricing that is still lower than competitors’ so called base boat prices. And boat buyers get what they need (and probably want) without having to know what they need or want.

Other than price, PS sees little to recommend the Catalina 22 over many other boats of the same size on the market.

Comments (13)

I bought a new C-22 in 1973 (hull #3117). I planned on living aboard for a couple of years then moving up to a 27. Didn't work out as planned, that little boat served me so well I wound up living on it for 15 years, then finally move up to a C-27. (which I am currently living happily aboard. The 22 never gave me even a hint of problem, and it held it's own with larger boats speedwise. I often sailed in company of a Yankee Dolphin and Columbia Challengers. On one trip we were in 30 to 35 knots of wind with 8-10 ft. seas, and heading right into the teeth of it on our way to the northern tip of Santa Cruz Island. My boat was noticeably faster that either the Dolphin or Challenger as I would catch up to the Dolphin, heave to to wait for the Challenger, then trim up and catch up to the Dolphin (about 4 or 5 times) and I think she had a huge smile on her cutwater as she was handling beautifully. Was in that weather that time for about 6 hours and single handing to boot. After that, I trusted her with just about anything, and she never let me down. I never had any maintenance or structural issues with her during those years. So all the negatives you find are pretty much invalid in my humble opinion. In my boat there was a bulkhead on the starboard side at the forward end of under cockpit storage that doubled as the seat back of the aft dinette seat. It was, however,not sealed air or watertight, so I suppose the possibility of gas fumes was there, but I never had a problem with it, and as I recall, it was more efficient and less cluttered to run the fuel hose through the starboard fuel compartment vent exit to run to the engine. I traded her + cash for my C-27 (also an early one:1973, hull #662). The gentleman who I naught the 27 from donated her to the Navy Yacht Club in Long Beach, Ca.. Hopefully someone currently is having as much fun and adventure as I had with her so many years ago.

Posted by: Rickster978 | September 3, 2019 12:53 PM    Report this comment

I bought a new C-22 in 1973 (hull #3117). I planned on living aboard for a couple of years then moving up to a 27. Didn't work out as planned, that little boat served me so well I wound up living on it for 15 years, then finally move up to a C-27. (which I am currently living happily aboard. The 22 never gave me even a hint of problem, and it held it's own with larger boats speedwise. I often sailed in company of a Yankee Dolphin and Columbia Challengers. On one trip we were in 30 to 35 knots of wind with 8-10 ft. seas, and heading right into the teeth of it on our way to the northern tip of Santa Cruz Island. My boat was noticeably faster that either the Dolphin or Challenger as I would catch up to the Dolphin, heave to to wait for the Challenger, then trim up and catch up to the Dolphin (about 4 or 5 times) and I think she had a huge smile on her cutwater as she was handling beautifully. Was in that weather that time for about 6 hours and single handing to boot. After that, I trusted her with just about anything, and she never let me down. I never had any maintenance or structural issues with her during those years. So all the negatives you find are pretty much invalid in my humble opinion. In my boat there was a bulkhead on the starboard side at the forward end of under cockpit storage that doubled as the seat back of the aft dinette seat. It was, however,not sealed air or watertight, so I suppose the possibility of gas fumes was there, but I never had a problem with it, and as I recall, it was more efficient and less cluttered to run the fuel hose through the starboard fuel compartment vent exit to run to the engine. I traded her + cash for my C-27 (also an early one:1973, hull #662). The gentleman who I naught the 27 from donated her to the Navy Yacht Club in Long Beach, Ca.. Hopefully someone currently is having as much fun and adventure as I had with her so many years ago.

Posted by: Rickster978 | September 3, 2019 12:51 PM    Report this comment

I have owned my Catalina 22 for over 25 years, and it was approaching 20 years old when I bought it! While all of the critiques in your article have merit, this boat has been my ticket to being on the water. The ability to get parts for a 1976 boat and the benefit of numerous available and economical upgrades has truly enhanced by sailing. I do believe that my boat is in as good or better shape today as when it left the factory. The C-22, with all of its admitted compromises, is a great introduction to sailing and a means to continue sailing for the financially challenged.

Posted by: Ted C | July 30, 2019 1:58 PM    Report this comment

Our second boat was a Catalina 22, and served our young family well in our early cruising days. Tight quarters, yes, but weekend adequate for the four of us. I always felt safe in the boat, and trusted the simple yet sturdy rig. We progressed to two more Catalina's, the last a venerable 36 - one of the best boats on the water.

Agree that new buyers should think twice about the need for a trailer. Set up/take down lose their charm quickly, and you're more likely to use the boat from a slip.

To close, the name on a Catalina 22 at our Marina says it all: "Perfectly Adequate".

Posted by: H dock | July 28, 2019 8:25 AM    Report this comment

Our second boat was a Catalina 22, and served our young family well in our early cruising days. Tight quarters, yes, but weekend adequate for the four of us. I always felt safe in the boat, and trusted the simple yet sturdy rig. We progressed to two more Catalina's, the last a venerable 36 - one of the best boats on the water.

Agree that new buyers should think twice about the need for a trailer. Set up/take down lose their charm quickly, and you're more likely to use the boat from a slip.

To close, the name on a Catalina 22 at our Marina says it all: "Perfectly Adequate".

Posted by: H dock | July 28, 2019 8:25 AM    Report this comment

It's time to get over your criticism of the hull to deck joint of the Catalina 30, your "idea of acceptable construction" is nothing more than that - an "idea". I've owned a Catalina 30 for over 40 years, sailed it off shore from San Francisco to Cabo and back, banged it into buoys and other boats during intense races, and never had any issues with the joint. The same goes for numerous other Catalina 30 owners I've known throughout the years. The longevity of the Cat. 30 speaks for itself. Certainly it's not perfect, but if your going to criticize a construction flaw, back it up with data not with an "idea".

Posted by: Scotty Fraser | July 27, 2019 1:14 PM    Report this comment

It's time to get over your criticism of the hull to deck joint of the Catalina 30, your "idea of acceptable construction" is nothing more than that - an "idea". I've owned a Catalina 30 for over 40 years, sailed it off shore from San Francisco to Cabo and back, banged it into buoys and other boats during intense races, and never had any issues with the joint. The same goes for numerous other Catalina 30 owners I've known throughout the years. The longevity of the Cat. 30 speaks for itself. Certainly it's not perfect, but if your going to criticize a construction flaw, back it up with data not with an "idea".

Posted by: Scotty Fraser | July 27, 2019 1:14 PM    Report this comment

It's time to get over your criticism of the hull to deck joint of the Catalina 30, your "idea of acceptable construction" is nothing more than that - an "idea". I've owned a Catalina 30 for over 40 years, sailed it off shore from San Francisco to Cabo and back, banged it into buoys and other boats during intense races, and never had any issues with the joint. The same goes for numerous other Catalina 30 owners I've known throughout the years. The longevity of the Cat. 30 speaks for itself. Certainly it's not perfect, but if your going to criticize a construction flaw, back it up with data not with an "idea".

Posted by: Scotty Fraser | July 27, 2019 1:14 PM    Report this comment

There is a lot wrong with this review but I will try to be brief. This review is evidence of ongoing problems at PS, namely decent breadth of knowledge but relatively little depth and experience. There is a lot of opinion but it is not carefully reviewed by others. Every boat is a compromise. Generally, the smaller the boat the greater the compromises. The reviewer has largely ignored the intended purpose of the Catalina 22 - namely to get people on the water cheaply and safely. I cannot imagine why anyone would buy a new one since there are so many great deals to be had on used ones. As another commentator points out, sails and parts are easy to find and customer service is readily available regardless of the age of the boat.

The Catalina 22 is not meant to be a race boat. It is a comfortable way to get on the water within a tight budget. It serves that purpose admirably. That is not to say there could not be improvements. I got my start in the boat business in 1981 selling Catalinas and have never been happy with the swing keel supports for either the 22 or 25. Yet, in almost four decades in the business I have only seen two failures. Compare that to Hunters and Irwins, (the traditional competitors), and it is a pretty good record.

Before I get off the soap box, I want to reply to the trailerability issue. The author states "the Catalina 22 has marginal trailerability behind the modern small car." With a loaded road weight in excess of 3,000 pounds it has zero trailerability behind a car of any size. period. But this is true of any boat. If you want to trailer a sailboat this size you need a truck.

My credentials - ABYC marine electrician and corrosion tech. Captain to 500 tons. Lifelong boater with 38 years in the boat business as broker, captain, fleet manager, and marine electrician.

Posted by: Captain Ed | July 27, 2019 10:05 AM    Report this comment

PS has never understood a first time sail boat owner with limited money to buy a boat, PS dismisses us buy saying spend more money and buy a better boat. I have owned and enjoyed a C22 for 14 years, It has provided me with many days of enjoyable sailing and beautiful sunsets. PS says it is about performance. I say it is about being on the water and the C22 with its large cockpit allows that with a school teachers budget, I trailer my C22 with my van, I have taken it to lakes and to the ocean four times, Yes if you have the money it is better to have a slip, but or two years of slip fees would pay for my boat and trailer. I purchased it used with trailer for $3500. My boat is not in the water during hurricanes because I have a trailer, A C22 is vastly affordable, Lastly the support of online replacement parts put C22 miles above other boats, Almost any part can be ordered online and be at your house in five days. PS just doesn't get it a C22 is a practical boat,

Posted by: ncsailor | September 25, 2017 12:34 PM    Report this comment

This statement would be helpful if it included the alternatives: "Other than price, PS sees little to recommend the Catalina 22 over many other boats of the same size on the market."

Posted by: Shadowmaker | May 31, 2016 12:07 PM    Report this comment

well, to test one is one thing but to own one is another. hunter corp.is the last one to "fall" and you can still buy most any part you need for the catalina. try telling that to the owner of a new hunter.
at my marina somebody just bought a new HUNTER 33. Arrived very very late after ordering and PRACTICAL SAILOR gave it very low marks in terms of maintenance. that is not what "bigger" boats should be. i have owned my c-22 for just over 4 years and find it to have been good choice, regardless of price since this was my first boat. yes, frank butler is frank butler

Posted by: Jerry B | July 11, 2012 7:54 AM    Report this comment

Dated and inaccurate.
Can PS not afford to edit this article to include updates made almost 3 decades ago.

Posted by: Edward A | May 9, 2012 9:15 AM    Report this comment

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