The Norwegian Approach to Teak Deck Care

Posted by Darrell Nicholson at 11:30AM - Comments: (8)

Darrell Nicholson
Darrell Nicholson

The new teak deck aboard Pleasure, a Hallberg-Rassy 352, was the most expensive part of the boat's refit.

A day after clawing my way through the sea of tourists descending from Norway’s most photographed spot, the precipitous ledge known as Priekestolen, it was a relief to find myself far from land aboard a well-found Scandinavian yacht with a sensible Norwegian skipper at the helm. The boat was a lovely Hallberg-Rassy 352 based out of Stavanger, Norway, the gateway to the country’s golden-egg-laying goose, the North Sea oil fields. The marina we sailed out of was once the construction site for the impressive Condeep gravity based structures for oil platforms, but the only evidence of this mammoth operation was a tower-top restaurant overlooking the modern marina and housing development.

The skipper looked just as I'd imagined a Norwegian skipper, complete with ruddy cheeks and a white beard. His name, of course, was Olaf. A police officer just months away from retirement, Olaf told me he had left the boat for a complete refit in Sweden for a year while he was in Liberia on a UN Peace Mission. He’d only recently brought it home to Norway. The overhaul took place on the island of Orust—home to the Hallberg-Rassy, Sweden Yachts, Najad, and Malo—where half of all of Sweden’s yachts are built. A magnet for talented marine carpenters, Orust might be compared to Southwest Harbor, Maine, or Port Townsend, Wash., in U.S.

In a recent blog post, I wrote about the common costly mistakes that new owners often make when refitting their sailboats. Olaf, who had competed in several ocean races to Scotland and had owned the boat for 10 years, knew better. His refit tab wasn’t cheap—almost half of what the boat might sell for in Europe—but with a long cruise of the Baltic on the horizon, he wanted to do it right.

Olaf's new deck appeared factory-new.

Sails, rigging, chainplates all got replaced as needed, but the most expensive project was a complete replacement of the teak decks. The crew Olaf contracted in Sweden used a patented vacuum-bagging method that required no screws. Our Sarasota, Fla. neighbors, Teakdecking Systems, uses a similar technique to lay the decks of expensive megayachts and Chris Craft powerboats.

If you have read about PS contributor Joe Minick’s DIY $15,000 teak-deck overhaul in Turkey, then you have an idea of what the project entails. Add the expensive taxes in Scandinavia and the cost of skilled Swedish craftsman into the equation, and you can understand why Olaf would put himself in the line as an advisor to security forces in places like Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Liberia. It pays the yard bills.

The result was stunning. From the immaculate scarfs on the caprail to the elegant HR logo on the anchor locker, the new deck looked as nice as I’ve seen on any fresh-from-the-factory boat. “This boat will still be around long after I’m gone,” Olaf said cheerfully, as if he was looking forward to the day. (The Norwegian sense of humor takes some adjustment.)

Old teak decks can be a deal breaker for the used boat buyer. Unless the previous owner(s) have taken a white-glove approach to deck maintenance, about 30 years of use is all you can hope for in a modern, 12-millimeter-thick teak deck. The wood's biggest foe is the scrub brush, which can chew through the soft grain and shave years off the deck’s life. So if you are looking at an old Taiwanese-built cruiser from the 1970s with a deeply-grooved old teak deck, give it a close inspection, especially the subdeck; you might be biting off more than you can chew. Even if the cored deck below the teak is in good condition, re-caulking and refastening an existing deck is a time-consuming project.

While chandleries are stocked with a range of teak deck cleaners and sealers, the prevailing practice in Norway, explained Olaf, is to do nothing with the deck. A daily rinse with fresh water—no heavy scrubbing—no coatings, no dressing is the only treatment required. Just let the wood go silver. If the boat is left for a long time without any care, mold and dirt can build up to a point where you might need to do something more than water and a soft sponge. We've looked at several teak cleaners (see links below) that work for this job, but whatever route you choose, start with the gentlest approach first. And no hard scrubbing.

Mahina Expeditions
Mahina Expeditions

John Neale, of Mahina Expeditions, re-caulks the deck of his Hallberg-Rassy 46. (Photo courtesy of Mahina Expeditions)

Subscribers who want to check out some of our other teak-deck related tests will be interested in our teak cleaner test and our teak caulk test. And if you insist on a golden-hue “new teak” finish and don’t mind the extra work, you can check out the results of our wood finish test, which included some products specifically designed for teak decks. Otherwise, you can just do like Olaf: Enjoy your golden years with a silver deck, and go sailing instead of seeking perfection.

Comments (8)

You must not have seen the boats that I have in Norway. Every bit of wood I've seen on the boats there seems to be varnished.

Posted by: amracel | August 5, 2018 5:36 PM    Report this comment

If you're looking for a teak deck alternative, cork is sustainably produced, lighter, easier to work with, super-grippy, and doesn't soak up heat. Check out or MarineDeck2000. There may be some others out there, too, but those are the main suppliers.

Posted by: Randy | August 4, 2018 5:20 AM    Report this comment

Dave P is right on. I removed the teak sidedecks on my Bavaria 50 after the second area released. I had Kiwi-Grip applied and I love it! It's cooler (as long as you use a light color), has superior grip, and is easy on bare knees!

Posted by: Capt Dan | August 2, 2018 2:04 PM    Report this comment

Two years ago, a sailing friend took bids for replacing the teak decks on his 1978 Alden 44. They ranged in the $40,000 neighborhood. He ended up getting the job done in Trinidad for $8.

Posted by: David Liscio | August 2, 2018 1:04 PM    Report this comment

Teak decks are an anachronism. Like cotton sails and hemp rope for rigging. Teak decks just advertise deep pockets of the "yachtsman".

We don't see many teak decks on blue water sailors in the tropics. Too bloody hot. And they invariably leak. And the bungs are always getting loose.

Teak decks are often payed over plywood. Even marine grade plywood dislikes being wet.

Teak decks are especially awful when laid over aluminium. More than a few sizeable aluminum motor yachts remain for sale seemingly forever owing to the huge costs of redoin the aluminum decks under all that teak.

Some old salts will remember teak decks were used in WWII aircraft carriers. And subsequently. Now we have much more useful and longer lasting materials.

Environmentally conscious know that teak supplies are fragile. And high quality teak is very costly. Especially for long straight grain timbers.

Best leave teak for the really wealthy boaters whose splendid vessels sit at docks. Life is really too short for taking care of teak. As I learned the hard way spending a winter redoing the teak decks of a once famous racer. Whose new owner years later called to ask if the teak decks ever leaked ?

Posted by: Piberman | August 2, 2018 10:50 AM    Report this comment

Lin and Larry Pardey recommend regular salt water rinsing. I personally think the best way to deal with an old teak deck is to remove it. Not only do you get less maintenance but you lose a lot of weight above CG.

Posted by: Dave P | August 2, 2018 10:33 AM    Report this comment

Our summer house near a marsh has a problem with a thin layer of dark mold (?) growing on our mahogany decks and teak furniture. I've found that power washing with fresh water and no soap is a good once every three year solution. Don't use a super concentrated nozzle, just a fan tip and don't get to close (so as not to gouge out the softer wood fibers). We then let it go back to silver in the intervening years. Ryobi has a very nice, small power washer that is generally less than $100 and is sort of bread box sized when stored. It uses line current, though, not battery power.

Posted by: grayfield | August 2, 2018 9:40 AM    Report this comment

Have used the Norwegian way on the exterior teak of my Shannon 37 cutter since she was new 1988. After 25 years in south Texas the silver teak could easily be brought back to "Bristol" condition if one wished, but better the boat be your slave, not vice versa!

Posted by: John H | July 31, 2013 11:58 AM    Report this comment

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