Double Check Your AIS

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Nearly one year ago, the Volvo Ocean Race boat Sun Hung Kai-Scallywag was deep in the Southern Ocean bound from Auckland, New Zealand to Itajai, Brazil when 47-year-old John Fisher was thrown overboard during an accidental jibe. (Fishers tether was unclipped at the time of the accident as he moved between stations.)

In the frantic moments that followed, the helmsman pushed the MOB button on the ships plotter, a life ring and inflatable buoy was deployed, and the navigator below decks marked a search area on the plotter. After nearly five hours of searching in gale conditions, neither Fisher nor any of the deployed rescue gear was located.

Scallywag had two electronic means to locate Fisher in the water: the chartplotters man-overboard feature, which would record the spot where Fisher went over; and his automatic identification system (AIS) radio beacon. Slightly larger than a penlight, the beacon broadcasts a unique code that identifies the registered owner and broadcasts their location. This is an all ships alert, capable of being received by any boats within range of its VHF signal. If the system were operating as it should, ­Scallywags navigation system would allow the crew home in on Fisher.

A post-accident analysis later concluded that the MOB button was not pushed for four full seconds (required to activate), and the VHF/AIS antenna on Scallywags mast had been damaged in a storm, rendering it useless.

During much of 2018, Practical Sailor has focused on a more fundamental aspects of safety at sea-staying on board. We’ve looked at tethers, clip-in points, harnesses, the gear that keeps you on board. The 2018 series followed a similar series of investigations into personal flotation devices. In this months issue, we begin a series that explores the last critical link in the man-overboard chain-search and rescue.

In the wake of Fishers tragic loss, the Volvo contracted renowned offshore navigator Stan Honey, who along with Volvos Dan Jowett, produced a technical report on the limitations of AIS, which we expanded upon in our report in this month’s article, “Special Report: “How to Prevent AIS and VHF Antenna Malfunction.” Among one of the most interesting findings of their report is the vulnerability of the PL259 connector, the common standard connector for VHF/AIS antennas. As Honey and Howett point out, these connectors must be well-sealed to perform optimally in the marine environment. There is another option: switch to the more rugged N connectors, long used in the telecom industry. Currently, however, there are very few antenna (one is the Shakespeare V-Tronix MD20N), that use the watertight N-connectors.

Sadly, this is another example in which the marine sector lags behind others when it comes to product development and is slow to adopt innovation from outside the marine market. Standards are critical to ensure consistency of design, but they should not be a drag on proven innovation.

One final note: If you plan to use AIS as part of your man-overboard rescue plan, it is imperative that each transmitter is properly registered and tested with the ships onboard systems. The Newport-Bermuda Race Committee has put together an informative ­video to help you through this process at

http://bermudarace.com/ais-man-overboard-devices-lessons-learned-in-set-up-and-usage/

 

Darrell Nicholson, editor of Practical Sailor, grew up boating on Miami’s Biscayne Bay on everything from prams to Morgan ketches. Two years out of Emory University, after a brief stint as a sportswriter, he set out from Miami aboard a 60-year-old wooden William Atkin ketch named Tosca. For 10 years, he and writer-photographer Theresa Gibbons explored the Caribbean, crossed the Pacific, and cruised Southeast Asia aboard Tosca, working along the way as journalists and documenting their adventures for various travel and sailing publications, including Cruising World, Sail, Sailing, Cruising Helmsman, and Sailing World. Upon his return to land life, Darrell became the associate editor, then senior editor at Cruising World magazine, where he worked for five years. Before taking on the editor’s position at Practical Sailor, Darrell was the editor of Offshore magazine, a boating-lifestyle magazine serving the New England area. Darrell has won multiple awards from Boating Writer’s International, including the Monk Farnham award for editorial excellence. He holds a U.S. Coast Guard 100-ton Master license and has worked as a harbor pilot and skippered a variety of commercial charter boats.

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