Sailing in Gusty Winds


One of my biggest mistakes in life was waiting so long to sail the Great Lakes.

This realization struck me last summer as I strolled down Chicagos Navy Pier and watched so many sails dance across the azure water. Coincidentally, Brad Kuchinic, a reader who lives in Chicago, had recently e-mailed Practical Sailor with a question about his Ericson 34, Nomad – the boat featured in this months boat test.

In less time that it takes to jump aboard the L, I invited myself for a sail. (Social niceties go out the window when Lake Michigan is calling.)

And what a great lake it is. For me the most thrilling part was playing with the turbulence from the shore-the rush and whisper of wind as it funneled down canyon avenues. The way the boat leapt forward in each puff, and the quick response of the helm, reminded me of cruising along the steeper islands of Indonesia, where sudden gusts of wind would squeeze and accelerate through saddles and gaps.

This terrain-induced turbulence, often more powerful and usually more predictable than open-water gusts, offers a perfect test for boat-handling skills. And these conditions always present an interesting puzzle: What sail plan will work best?

With the wind jumping from 10 to 18 knots and then back to 10 again, the usual approach is to carry canvas for about 10 knots and in the gusts make adjustments to the course or trim- feather the main or ease sheets. The goal is to be most efficient under the predominant wind speed.

So long as there’s a hand on the helm and the jib doesn’t flog wildly, this can be a highly efficient and fun approach. In Chicago, the places of the strongest turbulence are familiar to local sailors, so they can criss-cross the slots again and again, refining their tactics each time. This kind of gust-busting makes for a wonderful game and great practice-even better with cup holders.

For a more leisurely cruising sail, you can carry sails that are a better match for the gusts. This was the tactic we used while hugging close to the mountainous islands of Indonesia, often the only place to find wind on the leeward side of some islands.

The main reason for our conservative sail plan was to reduce the burden on the self-steering windvane. The reduced sail plan slowed us down a tad, but it made life much more agreeable. It was a conscious compromise-a slower pace for the sake of a steadier course.

Aggressively reaching through gusts on a long coastal passage can be fast and fun, but can have unintended consequences. When steering by windvane or hand, the track can start gradually creeping shoreward. Suddenly, the reef that you were going to clear by a 1/2 mile now looms as a line of breakers ahead.

Its easy mistake to make, and one that you only want to make once.

Darrell Nicholson, editor of Practical Sailor, grew up boating on Miami’s Biscayne Bay on everything from prams to Morgan ketches. Two years out of Emory University, after a brief stint as a sportswriter, he set out from Miami aboard a 60-year-old wooden William Atkin ketch named Tosca. For 10 years, he and writer-photographer Theresa Gibbons explored the Caribbean, crossed the Pacific, and cruised Southeast Asia aboard Tosca, working along the way as journalists and documenting their adventures for various travel and sailing publications, including Cruising World, Sail, Sailing, Cruising Helmsman, and Sailing World. Upon his return to land life, Darrell became the associate editor, then senior editor at Cruising World magazine, where he worked for five years. Before taking on the editor’s position at Practical Sailor, Darrell was the editor of Offshore magazine, a boating-lifestyle magazine serving the New England area. Darrell has won multiple awards from Boating Writer’s International, including the Monk Farnham award for editorial excellence. He holds a U.S. Coast Guard 100-ton Master license and has worked as a harbor pilot and skippered a variety of commercial charter boats.


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