Doin the Ditch, Frank style


ICW guidebooks

The key to safe, stress-free ICW cruising (or less-stress at least) is proper planning. Get the most up-to-date ICW guidebooks and charts, and study them well in advance. When planning the field-test trip down the ICW for this article, PS tester Capt. Frank Lanier came up with a general timeline and lists of major stops he wanted to make along the way, but he let his day-to-day progress drive his schedule. He always planned out the next days run prior to heading out (typically the night before), which also gave him a chance to review the latest weather forecasts and its potential effect on travel plans.

When planning out the days run, hed comb through the charts and guide books, noting things such as marina locations, possible anchorages, bridge opening or lock schedules, and potential ICW trouble spots. Knowing these things ahead of time helped generate both peace of mind and a more relaxing, enjoyable trip.

Lanier also made contingency plans for anchorages or stopovers, in case he was delayed or (in some cases) made better than expected time and decided to push on a bit more.

Another part of his nightly planning routine was tracing the route and reviewing notes and comments provided on ActiveCaptain (, a popular interactive online cruising guide. ActiveCaptain can be a very useful planning tool, as long as you take into consideration the double-edged sword nature of the comments themselves. Be aware that a less-experienced sailors report of a great anchorage with plenty of depth, or statements like We ran aground here! don’t do you much good if they fail to include basic info such as their boats draft, state of the tide, etc. Other sailors facility reviews should also be taken with a grain of salt. For example: The dock master hates Algerian Snaggle-tooth Poodles (like our Fluffy), so were never coming back and you shouldnt either!

In addition to weather, the number of travel miles Lanier planned for each day depended on a variety of factors, from distances between suitable anchorages to towns or areas he wanted to visit. With a 6-foot draft, tide schedules also played a major role when transiting known shallow spots. Many sailors traveling the ICW become destination driven, hurrying to get from point A to B as quickly as possible. Time and schedules are a major factor, but Laniers philosophy was that the trip itself was just as important as his destination (the Bahamas) and it should be just as enjoyable and experiential.

Using an average speed of 6 knots, Lanier typically planned for a run of around 40 statute miles each day. Viewing the trip as a whole, this allowed progress along the ICW at a reasonable clip, but also provided stopover days for rest, sight-seeing, weather delays, etc. Although he had shorter and longer daily runs (60 to 70 miles in some cases), 40 miles was a good average, one that provided additional time to arrive at a planned stopover before dark should unexpected delays crop up.

He wanted to avoid traveling the ICW at night and planned accordingly, particularly as he was in unfamiliar waters and traveling solo. He also tried to schedule one layover day for every three or four travel days, more if he was someplace with a lot to see and do. These layover days provided time to catch up on trip planning and boat chores, as well as allowing time to simply decompress and enjoy the trip.

Practical Sailor has been independently testing and reporting on sailboats and sailing gear for more than 45 years. Supported entirely by subscribers, Practical Sailor accepts no advertising. Its independent tests are carried out by experienced sailors and marine industry professionals dedicated to providing objective evaluation and reporting about boats, gear, and the skills required to cross oceans. Practical Sailor is edited by Darrell Nicholson, a long-time liveaboard sailor and trans-Pacific cruiser who has been director of Belvoir Media Group's marine division since 2005. He holds a U.S. Coast Guard 100-ton Master license, has logged tens of thousands of miles in three oceans, and has skippered everything from pilot boats to day charter cats. His weekly blog Inside Practical Sailor offers an inside look at current research and gear tests at Practical Sailor, while his award-winning column,"Rhumb Lines," tracks boating trends and reflects upon the sailing life. He sails a Sparkman & Stephens-designed Yankee 30 out of St. Petersburg, Florida.


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