Field Testing Drag, Behavior


We did not test every drogue that appears in the accompanying table, PS Value Guide: Drogues. However, we collected a huge amount of test data and observations from model testing and from multiple sources, including Victor Shanes Drag Device Database (, and incorporated these into our test findings.

Our testing at various boat speeds with both full-size drogues and smaller-scale models gave us a solid basis for estimating performance at higher speeds and with larger size drogues. It is important to note that the models were used to build our understanding and to explore high speed and high load behavior, but they were not used in anyway to build the data table or to grade performance.

It should also be noted that drag data shows considerable variation due to wave action, rode length, yawing, and turbulent effects, and even after averaging results, the data can be quite variable. One can expect that data collected by two independent studies, carrying out the same protocol, might vary by as much as 30 percent.

In the Value Guide table, our Best Choice and Recommended ratings are based upon durable construction, stable performance, and observations from actual use. Drag does not enter into our ratings since more drag is not necessarily better, just as a large shoe isn’t necessarily better than a small shoe. Every manufacturer makes a range of drogue sizes; pick the one that fits your boat and intended use.

The first phase in our test was steady-state testing. Each drogue was weighted with 8 feet of 5/16-inch chain. This is less weight than recommended, but the test conditions were below gale force, and our intention was to induce, or at least observe, surfacing behavior. We then attached each drogue to a load cell with a 100-foot polyester, double-braid (half-inch) rode. The load cell allowed us to estimate relative drift rates and establish a base load at a given speed.

We towed each of the drag devices behind our test boat at various speeds, recording forces and plotting force versus speed. We also collected data from other investigations into drogue units that were not in our test, as well as those that we did test. This data was averaged with our own.

After a round of testing with 100-foot tow rodes, we repeated the testing with 50-foot rodes. Although most manufacturers suggest 350-feet tow lines, the shorter rode allowed us to observe which drogues might be prone to pulling out of a following wave.


A drogues ability to resist being pulled out of a following wave is a critical feature. For this reason, we were most interested in determining how deeply each drogue runs and how each one behaves near the surface.

  1. The Seabrake GP24L produced a respectable bulge in the water at 4.5 knots.
  2. The Galerider 30 comfortably skimmed the surface during testing under sail. It is this ability to smoothly adjust drag by operating near the surface that makes the Galerider a great choice for emergency steering. We will be looking at this topic in a future report.
  3. The Ocean Safety Para Drogue was the only test unit that we could not force to surface at full load. This is the result of higher drag and the resultant lower towing speeds. In contrast, any undersized drogue is easily pulled to the surface, a dangerous occurrence in a storm.
Darrell Nicholson, editor of Practical Sailor, grew up boating on Miami’s Biscayne Bay on everything from prams to Morgan ketches. Two years out of Emory University, after a brief stint as a sportswriter, he set out from Miami aboard a 60-year-old wooden William Atkin ketch named Tosca. For 10 years, he and writer-photographer Theresa Gibbons explored the Caribbean, crossed the Pacific, and cruised Southeast Asia aboard Tosca, working along the way as journalists and documenting their adventures for various travel and sailing publications, including Cruising World, Sail, Sailing, Cruising Helmsman, and Sailing World. Upon his return to land life, Darrell became the associate editor, then senior editor at Cruising World magazine, where he worked for five years. Before taking on the editor’s position at Practical Sailor, Darrell was the editor of Offshore magazine, a boating-lifestyle magazine serving the New England area. Darrell has won multiple awards from Boating Writer’s International, including the Monk Farnham award for editorial excellence. He holds a U.S. Coast Guard 100-ton Master license and has worked as a harbor pilot and skippered a variety of commercial charter boats.


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