Doing ‘The Ditch’ Capt. Frank’s Way


As many sailors navigate unfamiliar waters on their way south, it’s a good time to talk about ways to ease the stress of coastal cruising. After a leisurely round-trip Chesapeake-Bahamas cruise—including several hundred miles on the Intracoastal Waterway—Capt. Frank Lanier shared some of the following tips on stress-free ICW cruising (see Practical Sailor, May 2014):

“Get the most up-to-date ICW guidebooks and charts, and study them well in advance. When planning a trip down the ICW for my review of ICW cruising guides, I came up with a general timeline and lists of major stops I wanted to make along the way, but I let my day-to-day progress drive my schedule. I always planned out the next day’s run prior to heading out (typically the night before), which also gave me a chance to review the latest weather forecasts and its potential effects on travel plans.

“When planning out the day’s run, I’d comb through the charts and guidebooks, noting things such as marina locations, possible anchorages, bridge opening or lock schedules, and potential ICW trouble spots. Knowing these things ahead of time helped generate both peace of mind and a more relaxing, enjoyable trip.

“I also made contingency plans for anchorages or stopovers, in case I was delayed or (in some cases) made better than expected time and decided to push on a bit more.

“Another part of my nightly planning routine was tracing the route and reviewing notes and comments provided on, a popular interactive online cruising guide. ActiveCaptain can be a very useful planning tool, as long as you take into consideration the double-edged-sword nature of the comments themselves. Be aware that a less-experienced sailor’s report of a great anchorage with plenty of depth, or statements like “We ran aground here!” don’t do you much good if they fail to include basic info such as their boat’s draft, state of the tide, etc. Other sailors’ facility reviews should also be taken with a grain of salt. For example: “The dockmaster hates Algerian Snaggle-tooth Poodles (like our Fluffy), so we’re never coming back, and you shouldn’t either!”

“In addition to weather, the number of travel miles I planned for each day depended on a variety of factors, from distances between suitable anchorages to towns or areas I wanted to visit. With a 6-foot draft, tide schedules also played a major role when transiting known shallow spots. Many sailors traveling the ICW become destination driven, hurrying to get from point A to point B as quickly as possible. Time and schedules are a major factor, but my philosophy was that the trip itself was just as important as my destination (the Bahamas), and I wanted it to be just as enjoyable and experiential.

“Using an average speed of 6 knots, I typically planned for a run of around 40 statute miles each day. Viewing the trip as a whole, this allowed progress along the ICW at a reasonable clip, but also provided stopover days for rest, sight-seeing, weather delays, etc. Although I had shorter and longer daily runs (60 to 70 miles in some cases), 40 miles was a good average, one that provided additional time to arrive at a planned stopover before dark should unexpected delays crop up.

“I wanted to avoid traveling the ICW at night and planned accordingly, particularly as I was in unfamiliar waters and traveling solo. I also tried to schedule one layover day for every three or four travel days, more if I was someplace with a lot to see and do. These layover days provided time to catch up on trip planning and boat chores, as well as allowing time to simply decompress and enjoy the trip.

Captain Frank Lanier is a 27-year Coast Guard veteran and Accredited Marine Surveyor with over 30 years of experience in the marine and diving industry. He has written dozens of articles for Practical Sailor and is the author of the book Jack Tar and the Baboon Watch: A Guide to Curious Nautical Knowledge for Landlubbers and Sea Lawyers Alike. His website is

Darrell Nicholson
Practical Sailor has been independently testing and reporting on sailboats and sailing gear for more than 50 years. Supported entirely by subscribers, Practical Sailor accepts no advertising. Its independent tests are carried out by experienced sailors and marine industry professionals dedicated to providing objective evaluation and reporting about boats, gear, and the skills required to cross oceans. Practical Sailor is edited by Darrell Nicholson, a long-time liveaboard sailor and trans-Pacific cruiser who has been director of Belvoir Media Group's marine division since 2005. He holds a U.S. Coast Guard 100-ton Master license, has logged tens of thousands of miles in three oceans, and has skippered everything from pilot boats to day charter cats. His weekly blog Inside Practical Sailor offers an inside look at current research and gear tests at Practical Sailor, while his award-winning column,"Rhumb Lines," tracks boating trends and reflects upon the sailing life. He sails a Sparkman & Stephens-designed Yankee 30 out of St. Petersburg, Florida. You can reach him at


  1. My rule of thumb which worked for both the ICW and DECR (Down East Circle Route) was 20 nm per day. This allowed for time off for repairs, weather or relaxing. When I reached Fort Pierce FL from Lake Ontario the actual average was 19 nm per day.

  2. Our first trip down the ICW was a very leisurely 5 weeks, as we appreciated the trip itself was the adventure. We stayed extra days in some towns (Charleston!), and decided to go outside and skip Georgia altogether. If you can do it without a schedule, DO IT!